Neil R. Carlson. Allyn & Bacon. 75 Arlington St., Suite Allyn & Bacon/ Longman representative. FOUNDATIONS OF PHYSIOLOGICAL. PSYCHOLOGY, 6/e. Foundations of Physiological Psychology. by: Neil R. Carlson. Publication date: Borrow this book to access EPUB and PDF files. animations to accompany Foundations of physiological psychology, editon and Physiology of behavior, sixth editon / Neil R. Carlson External-identifier: urn:acs6:isbn_pdff7-adca-.
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Trove: Find and get Australian resources. Books, images, historic newspapers, maps, archives and more. The most current, comprehensive, and teachable text for behavioral neuroscience. Thoughtfully organized, Physiology of Behavior provides a. Foundations of physiological psychology by Neil R. Carlson; 10 editions; First published in ; Subjects: Behavior, Nervous system.
Emotion[ edit ] Emotion constitutes a major influence for determining human behaviors. It is thought that emotions are predictable and are rooted in different areas in our brains, depending on what emotion it evokes.
The behavioral component is explained by the muscular movements that accompany the emotion. For example, if a person is experiencing fear, a possible behavioral mechanism would be to run away from the fear factor.
The autonomic aspect of an emotion provides the ability to react to the emotion. This would be the fight-or-flight response that the body automatically receives from the brain signals. Lastly, hormones released facilitate the autonomic response. For example, the autonomic response, which has sent out the fight-or-flight response, would be aided by the release of such chemicals like epinephrine and norepinephrine , both secreted by the adrenal gland,  in order to further increase blood flow to aid in muscular rejuvenation of oxygen and nutrients.
Oxytocin acts to over-sensitize the limbic system to emotional responses leading to even larger emotional responses. It acts as an anxiety suppressant mainly found in stressful and social situations.
It provides a calming effect to the body during these high stress situations. Opening with pharmacokinetics and principles governing the effectiveness of drugs, the discussion progresses to drug actions on transmitter release and on receptors, finishing with the major classes of neurotransmitters and neuromodulators. Chapter 5 is helpful to the student because it covers research strategies and methods used in biological psychology.
This is a nice touch, providing a transition from the basic biology to the behavioral integration emphasized in the later chapters.
Chapters 6 and 7 cover sensation, with a heavy emphasis on vision and briefer coverage of audition and the bodily and chemical senses. Chapter 8 covers sleep and circadian rhythms, and Chapter 9 deals with reproductive behavior. In the flow of these later chapters, the student is introduced to the topic in a bottom up fashion, starting with basic biology, simpler behavioral elements, and moving toward complex topics, such as maternal behavior, at all times referring to the interplay between behavior and biology.
In this manner, the book devotes the next chapters to emotion, ingestion, learning and memory, and human communication, including speech, reading and writing. Finally, having covered a range of normal functions, the book closes with Chapters 14, 15, and 16 covering abnormalities of behavior associated with biological dysfunction, including neurological disorders, schizophrenia and affective disorders, ending with autism, stress disorders, and drug abuse.
As I finished this last chapter, I felt that the material ended rather abruptly. It seems that the diligent student, having come such a long way, might benefit from Book re6iew 77 a greater sense of closure.
I had been hoping to revisit the main themes of Chapter 1, including the mind— body issue, evolution and behavior, and the contribution of a biological reductionism to a study of behavior; this time with the benefit of hindsight and increased knowledge. Even a short backward glance at these issues would give these overarching themes greater relevance than they might otherwise have.
In reviewing topics most familiar to me, I found the information to be correct, to have the detail needed to make the point without oversimplification.
The examples seem invariably well chosen to represent contemporary research and to communicate what is, to me, the ultimate fascination of the two sides of our nature.
Such illustrations and examples make the material meaningful to students and emphasize understanding over memorization, a learning strategy that most instructors favor. Freberg comments that she was creative with the standard table of contents to reflect the current state of biological psychology. Examples of this are given below. The first chapter of the Freberg text introduces biological psychology and briefly covers various research methods and research ethics.
It does not go into detail about the history of the field as do some other texts, but within each chapter the history of that particular topic is included where appropriate.
Including historical information within the topic where it applies may make it more salient to the student. Chapter two covers the anatomy of the nervous system, and chapter three introduces the cells of the nervous system and includes the action potential and synapses.
They seemed to grasp the concepts in the chapter on the cells of the nervous system more easily after having an overview of the anatomy. The explanation of the action potential is particularly understandable, something that I feel is extremely important for this foundational information. Chapter four covers pharmacology and does a very good job of explaining both drug actions at the synapse and the basic principles of drug effects.
In chapter five Freberg fits together the topics of genetics, evolution, and the development of the human brain. The genetics of behavior and the development of the human brain in such adaptive ways create a coherent presentation. This is an example of one of the ways Freberg has been creative with her table of contents to reflect the state of the discipline.
The next two chapters are the usual vision, non visual sensation and perception. These are followed by an excellent chapter on movement. There is enough information given to be challenging in each of these chapters, and it is presented in a clear and understandable manner.
Chapter nine addresses motivation, and includes temperature, thirst, and hunger.
I was pleased with the fact that this text is much more up to date on the research on hunger than many I have read. Sexual behavior has a chapter to itself and it includes topics I have not seen in other biopsychology texts, including attraction and parental behavior.
Chapter 11 covers sleep and waking and chapter 12 covers learning and memory. The topics of learning and memory may contain some of the most rapidly changing material in the field. I found that when I read this chapter it gave me a better understanding than I previously had of some of the latest research. Chapter 13 covers lateralization, language, and intelligence, three topics that I think fit together wonderfully well.